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Integrated Local Development Project (ILDP)

The Integrated Local Development Project (ILDP) supports functional strategic planning systems in Bosnia in Herzegovina (BiH) by introducing a harmonized approach to strategic planning – one that would be used by local governments, cantons and entities and help them align their strategic plans with development priorities of the country.

Strategic Domain:
Democratic Governance, Municipal Services, and Justice
Themes:
Democratic Governance
Status:
Ongoing
Strategic partner:
Association of municipalities and towns of FBiH, Association of Municipalities and Cities of RS, Ministry of Administration and Local Self-Governance of RS, Ministry of Justice of FBiH, Ministry of Human Rights and Refugees of BiH
Implementer:
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Project implemented in:
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska
Cantons:
Herzegovina-Neretva Canton, West Herzegovina Canton, Bosnia –Podrinje Canton, Sarajevo Canton, Tuzla Canton, Canton 10, Una-Sana Canton, Central Bosnia Canton, Zenica-Doboj Canton
Municipalities (42):
Ravno, Posušje, Petrovo, Pelagićevo, Pale - Prača, Oštra Luka , Osmaci, Novo Sarajevo, Novo Goražde, Nevesinje, Mrkonjić Grad, Ljubuski, Ljubinje, Lukavac, Lopare, Livno, Laktaši, Kotor Varos, Ključ, Jajce, Jablanica, Han Pijesak, Glamoč, Foca - Ustikolina, Doboj Jug, Doboj Istok, Čitluk, Čajniče, Bužim, Breza, Bosansko Grahovo, Bosanski Petrovac, Berkovići, Rogatica, Rudo, Srbac, Šipovo, Trnovo RS, Višegrad, Vlasenica, Zenica, Zvornik
The strategic planning attempts in municipalities and cities were previously ad hoc and donor-driven without being embedded into the larger planning and financial frameworks. Interaction with the private sector and citizen participation in local planning were scarce and the strategies were not aligned with the policies and resources of the higher government levels. While steering complex development processes, the municipalities and cities face numerous challenges such as limited capacities to lead and manage development planning, including lack of funds for realization of defined strategic priorities. The ILDP instigated systemic changes with municipalities and cities that are already having positive effects to the municipalities and cities’ everyday activities especially related to providing services to their citizens.
 
More specifically, the ILDP aims to strengthen the
capacities of municipalities and cities to conduct in-
 
  • Building a critical mass of municipalities and cities country-wide applying an integrated and inclusive approach to development planning
 
Within the ILDP, over 60 municipalities and cities receive assistance in conducting integrated and inclusive planning processes and creating their comprehensive development strategies. One of the core objectives of ILDP is securing fair representation of citizens, especially marginalized groups. Participation of different groups creates a strong community ownership over the planning processes and results in strategic plans responsive to socially excluded and marginalized groups’ needs. The strategies focus on specific competitive advantages of each community, linking the strategic vision with financial and administrative capacities. ILDP’s participating municipalities and cities also engage in mutual interaction to share successes and transfer innovative local development ideas. Additionally, the partner municipalities and cities received direct financial assistance to realize local priority projects which had direct benefits for almost 100,000 BiH citizens including marginalized groups. Furthermore, the project promotes inter-municipal cooperation, and concrete interventions supported at the local level which resulted in improved service delivery and income generation to over 170,000 citizens.
 
  • Harmonizing strategic planning at the cantonal level
 
Following the successful harmonization of strategic planning at the local level and to support further vertical harmonization of planning, the ILDP sup- ported participatory design of a uniform approach
 to strategic planning at the local level. All ten cantons have designed their integrated develop- ment strategies that take into account development priorities of their constituent local governments.
 
  • Creating mechanisms for vertical alignment of local strategic planning system and the higher government frameworks
 
The complex structures of BiH require harmoniza- tion of efforts at several institutional levels to be- come more effective, efficient, and compatible with European Union (EU) integration processes. With- in the ILDP, a legal framework was developed in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) to establish a strategic planning system thus con- necting planning processes at the local, cantonal and FBiH level. A similar process is currently ongoing in the entity of Republika Srpska. At the entity level public financing mechanisms have been set up to provide targeted support to local development priorities. The financing mechanisms operate in line with the European Union (EU) practices in managing public grant schemes. The entity governments have allocated over 1,400,000 CHF of own funds for these financing mechanisms. So far, the financing mechanisms contributed to improved service delivery to over 100,000 citizens (incl. over 17,000 marginalized), better livelihoods for more than 2,400 people and creation of 529 new jobs.
 
 
KEY SUCCESSES OF THE PROJECT AS A FOUNDATION FOR FUTURE DEVELOPMENT
 
The ILDP has proven to be an innovative and highly relevant intervention in BiH. The ILDP has made a significant step forward in terms of building a strategic planning system at sub-national level in the entity of the FBiH – a system that ensures coherence and linkages across policies and budg- ets. Moreover, the Project has been instrumental in terms of harmonizing and making compatible the planning frameworks at local level country-wide and the cantonal levels in FBiH. Today, over 80% of local governments and 100% of cantons in the country use a standardized approach to develop- ment planning. The ILDP supported implementation of local development strategies through financing 53 local priority projects contributing to improving service delivery and income generation for almost 400,000 BiH citizens.